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Sunday, November 25, 2007

Why Microsoft still failed with the Zune

Slashdot It! Why Microsoft Failed Last Year. Back in July of 2006, I outlined a variety of problems Microsoft faced in its then secret plans to rival Apple’s iPod directly. The wrong business strategy: As it had with its two generations of Xbox game consoles, Microsoft appeared poised to deliver loss leader hardware and rely on content sales, licensing, and rentals. I predicted that strategy simply couldn’t compete with Apple’s selling desirable hardware at a profit and making minimal profits on content. Sure enough. The wrong product: Microsoft was rumored to deliver a product that, true to its roots, ignored usability and instead tacked on impractical features such as wireless sharing. “Microsoft lacks any idea of how to create hardware that the general public might seriously find useful. Any remaining doubts can be answered in one word: Origami.” The wrong service: despite the repeated failure of subscription-based rental music services between 2000 and 2006, Microsoft centered its strategies around music rentals. It should have learned something from Rhapsody, Duet, Pressplay, the “new Napster,” and other PlaysForSure failures it had been intimately involved with over the previous half decade. It did not, and still centers its strategies around exploding media DRM. Three Strikes for the Zune: Winter 2006.

After Microsoft released its Zune strategy, more specific reasons it would fail became obvious. Last November, I presented three.

Cheap Gifts: I outlined how Apple had successfully pushed low cost iPods every winter. Rather than copying that success, Microsoft aimed at the high end of the market with the 30 GB Zune, priced the same as Apple’s 30 GB iPod. Microsoft actually had to reduce its initial $300 price target to $250 just to compete with the iPod.

However, last year Apple was primarily pushing its new Nano lineup and new iPod Shuffles. It had only slightly improved the previous year’s 5th generation iPod, so the Zune was competing with a 5.5G iPod model Apple had placed in maintenance mode.

Apple subsequently blew out sales of 21 million iPods, not by trying to beat Microsoft’s Zune in a duel of hard drive players, but by selling a gift friendly product the market wanted. Microsoft couldn’t sell enough Zunes to matter.

Glutted Market: strike two was the fact that Microsoft unceremoniously yanked the rug from its PlaysForSure partners just weeks before throwing the Zune into the market. That left its jilted partners unloading their now obsolete hardware at fire sale prices.

The Zune wasn’t competing against the iPod, it was fighting to stand out as a boxy USSR-looking device amid a small sea of identically ineffectual iPod Killers from Creative and other Windows Media partners.

Microsoft promised PlaysForSure partners that the Zune would only compete against the iPod, but it really only ate into PlaysForSure sales. Even worse, Microsoft artificially made the Zune incompatible with other players, fractioning any installed base that could have developed rather than just stealing the PlaysForSure market for itself.

The Neutered Network: Microsoft doesn’t seem to understand the engineering art of leaving things out. Instead of making tough choices, the company just loaded in apparent features that did very little. Adding wireless sharing was particularly worthless because the feature was limited to only work for three plays, and wouldn’t work with over half of the music users bought from Microsoft. It also ate up battery life.

Today’s Zunes claim to uniquely provide wireless sync, but they require being plugged in order to do this! That means Microsoft’s wireless sync has as many wires as Apple’s USB sync, it’s just 20 times slower. That’s not an advantage nor a feature. It’s a marketing lie.

Another poor decision was adding a radio. Users don’t pay $250 for a hard drive based music player to listen to the radio. Further, radio reception isn’t very good without an external antenna. The iPod solves both issues by offering a $30 external radio control that doubles as an antenna. Microsoft “bundled this in,” resulting in a radio with poor reception that everyone had to buy, which only complicated its design.

Why Zune will Bomb Again in 2007. Microsoft doesn’t seem to learn from its mistakes in consumer electronics very well. When it does however, it frequently gets the timing wrong. This year, Microsoft appears set to compete against the Apple of 2006. It now offers two flash models, last year’s leftover 30 GB unit, and new 80 GB version.

Wrong Products: The problem is that Apple moved the goalpost dramatically. Apple’s new 3G Nano is ultra thin and small, but delivers the same video resolution as Microsoft’s boxy flash Zunes at the same price. It also plays games.

Microsoft also has no match for the standout iPod Touch, which delivers a luxury product with WiFi store features, web browsing, and YouTube streaming for about the same price as Microsoft’s hard drive based players. Microsoft seems to think it is competing against last Apple’s 2005 iPod refreshed for 2006.

Unavailability: Microsoft is trying to play up the idea that its new 80 GB Zune has sold out due to popularity. In reality however, few stores even received any of those models. Scarcity is only a good sign if you are making units as fast as you can, as Nintendo is doing with the popular Wii games console.

However, even for Nintendo there is a real risk that product unavailability will drive potential buyers to other products. Apple faced similar problems in the mid 90s, when it simply couldn’t produce enough PowerBooks to meet demand, while it sat on warehouses of Performa models nobody wanted.

For Microsoft, an inability to deliver the new Zune model is similarly only bad news, not something to brag about. That hasn’t stopped the company from widely seeding the story that the Zune 80 can’t be found in stores because is wildly popular, rather than because Microsoft can’t deliver any in volume.

Failed Misinformation Campaign: Microsoft has been working to seed the idea that the Zune is this year’s Tickle Me Elmo among various media sources in an astroturf campaign similar to its previous efforts.

iPod vs Zune: Microsoft’s Slippery Astroturf

When the Wall Street Journal recently posted a survey asking what gifts readers were planning to buy this winter, despite listing the Zune but not the iPod as options, the results showed that nobody had any interest in the Zune. It registered 0% interest after 123,000 votes.


Microsoft discovered the embarrassment, and the next day there were 16,481 new votes, 14,999 of which happened to be Wall Street Journal readers exclusively excited about the Zune. That’s over 91% of the readers of an article that had fallen out of sight by that time. There aren’t that many people on Earth who have heard of the Zune and read the Wall Street Journal.


Microsoft is also trying to spin last years’ Zune as a run away success. The problem is that we know Microsoft stopped manufacturing them. Back in July, the company announced shipping 1.2 million of them to stores by the end of June in order to meet its stated goal, but stores hadn’t actually sold them to consumers.

Just as with its “shipment sales” of the Xbox 360, Microsoft’s retailers now have to sell them again, this time for real. Channel stuffing makes for good press releases, but it doesn’t actually put products in the hands of consumers. It does however allow Microsoft to advertise sales twice: first as shipment sales reported in its financial statements, and again as retail sales reported by NPD.


The result of a large supply and a slack demand is lower prices. That’s why the $250 30GB Zune from 2006 is now selling at 65% off at a variety of merchants. Among them is Amazon, which has been heavily promoting the Zune fire sale in its advertising and affiliate programs for $89. And so Microsoft is once again dumping models on the market while also trying to sell full price new versions.

Ten Myths of the Apple TV: Xbox and Hardware

Losing to Win? With these genius strategies, it’s no wonder why the company burned through $8 billion last year in its consumer electronics division. Microsoft doesn’t want to compete on price, and doesn’t want to bother to build competitive products. Instead of competing in the market, it hopes to simply outlast the competition by funneling in profits from Windows and Office.

Microsoft’s Outrageous Office Profits

The problem of course, is that Apple is also competing against Windows and Office, and is also excelling in a market Microsoft has never been able to profitably crack into: mobile phones. Microsoft’s ongoing losses among its Windows Mobile products are as bad as its Zune and PlaysForSure failures. Conversely, Apple has been able to maintain its competitive lead in iPods and is now rapidly eating into the smartphone market.

Microsoft isn’t competing against an enfeebled early 90s Apple being run by salesmen, nor against another late 90s Netscape lacking any viable revenue streams. There are no partners for Microsoft to betray and no market winners to buyout. Microsoft now has to compete in the open market, something it has never done successfully.

All the company can do is continue to throw money at music on one front while it battles Google in search on another, Linux servers in another, OpenOffice in another, Blu-Ray in another, and Nintendo in console gaming. Meanwhile, its flagship Windows Vista product is in flames while Apple eats into the profitable end of consumer desktops and Linux increasingly eats into its installed base in low cost desktop sales.

Microsoft still has a huge reserve of cash and revenues to throw at its battles. The problem for the company today is that it’s rivals now do, too.

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1 comment:

geogray said...

Wow. Have you even seen or used a Zune? I have to take issue with several statements in this article. First, the wireless sync is truly wireless. You DO NOT, I repeat DO NOT need to connect the Zune to ANYTHING AT ALL. You have to manually initiate the sync, but you can do it completely wireless and unattached.
The built in radio gets great reception and I do use it. I don't always want to hear the content I've put on the device and it is nice to have an alternative on the device.
I have a Zune 30gb and it looks nothing like a 'ussr' device. It is very stylish, though not as much as the new Zune 80. The Zune firmware upgrade was terrific and the new Zune pc software looks fantastic. I will take it over iTunes any day. As for that WSJ 'poll'...both sides spoiled the thing. And most of the comments I saw were from jilted Apple fans who were upset that Zune was there and 'iPod' was not. Originally, it was just 'iPhone'. Microsoft had nothing to do with the number was a Zune fansite that created a bot. The iPod people did the same thing. There is no way either side could have jumped up so much in such little time like that.
Microsoft has a modest hit on it's hands with the new Zunes, like it or not. I say modest because there is no way it will unseat iPod, but it will keep the other players at bay.